UFC-Que Choisir has analysed 16 client food and cosmetics merchandise for nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, but additionally silicon dioxide, iron and zinc oxides (dyes). Consequently, based on the buyer affiliation, “100% of merchandise analysed comprise nanoparticles.” Whereas, solely three merchandise talked about them on their label.
Title and disgrace
Making use of the identify and disgrace methodology, the Affiliation unveiled the names of the merchandise involved, amongst which, M&M’s Peanuts (Mars), the toothpaste Aquafresh triple safety+blancheur ( GlaxoSmithKline), the deodorant Sanex Natur shield 48h (Colgate-Palmolive), or Avène’s Chilly Cream nourishing lip balm (Pierre Fabre Group). UFC-Que Choisir has additionally lodged a criticism in Paris towards 9 producers , which it accuses of knowingly concealing the presence of those substances.
Titanium dioxide within the cross-hairs
Client associations have lengthy been involved in regards to the presence of those nanoparticles in client merchandise. The publication in January 2017 of a study confirming that persistent (oral) ingestion of titanium dioxide (TiO2) might contribute to the expansion of precancerous lesions in rats has bolstered these fears. 
Recognized by the meals business underneath the code E171, Titanium Dioxide is an additive used to whiten and intensify the shine of sweets or of some pastries. It is usually utilized by the pharmaceutical business and in cosmetics, extra significantly in toothpastes and sunscreens.
Contested take a look at strategies
To answer the issues of NGOs, the federal government had introduced on the finish of August the reinforcement of controls by the DGCCRF (fraud management).
The outcomes of those assessments confirmed that 87% of the 40 cosmetics and 39% of the 74 meals merchandise analysed contained nanoparticles. However “just one product talked about, on its labelling, the presence of all recognized nanomaterials”, based on the Ministry of Financial system. “The process asking producers of those merchandise to conform, is pending,” indicated to the AFP Alexandre Chevallier, Deputy Head of Workplace on the DGCCRF, additionally guaranteeing that investigations would proceed in 2018. At this stage, nevertheless, the supervisory Our bodies shall chorus from any authorized proceedings.
Certainly, simply because nanoparticles are present in a product doesn’t imply they have been voluntarily launched by producers. Many substances naturally comprise nanoparticles. “Because of this the European Regulation solely requires their labelling underneath two situations: It needs to be manufactured deliberately, i.e., when greater than 50% of it’s current in an ingredient, and it have to be insoluble or bio-persistent,” Anne Dux instructed the AFP.
Whereas the DGCCRF prides itself on having “developed progressive strategies of study”, the difficulty at hand in regards to the detection of nanoparticles may be very complicated. Sure strategies, similar to electron microscopic evaluation, can break aside molecular aggregates and reveal nanoparticles the place there have been none earlier than. Others strategies can have the other impact. Some analyses performed by the DGCCRF have been for instance unable to detect the presence of carbon black in a nano kind in a product that talked about it on its labelling!
The reactions of firms involved are combined. Certainly, it’s a thorny concern to handle. To keep away from issues a few of them have already determined to surrender the usage of TiO2. “We’re effectively conscious of the difficulty raised by UFC-Que Choisir,” responded the On line casino Group, guaranteeing that it had engaged in steps with the provider of an additive current in a soup, in direction of its elimination. “This shall be efficient within the coming weeks,” emphasised the Group.
Mars Chocolat France officers assured that their merchandise complied with “all laws in pressure”, whereas underlining that the phase-out plan for TiO2, which was determined to satisfy customers’ preferences for extra pure elements, was a “precedence”.
For its half, the Avène model (Pierre Fabre Group) requested the UFC-Que Choisir Affiliation to have some particulars on the methodology utilized in assessments. “Our Chilly Cream lip balm doesn’t comprise nanomaterials as outlined by European beauty Rules, as proven by the certificates given to us by our uncooked materials suppliers,” underlined Avène officers.
In abstract, complaints from UFC-Que Choisir are most likely extra indicative of the issues within the strategies of study than of a supposed lack of transparency from the business. This most likely explains why, for its half, the DGCCRF didn’t discover it acceptable to prosecute. Supervisory Our bodies have entry to the technical information of merchandise that should comprise all the information on the elements used and their suppliers. Up to now, plainly controlling this file stays one of the best ways to detect a doable fraud.